Around 900 AD, Wulfstan of Hedeby called the island "Eowland", the land of the Eowans: Then, after the land of the Burgundians, we had on our left the lands that have been called from the earliest times Blekingey, and Meore, and Eowland, and Gotland, all which territory is subject to the Sweons; and Weonodland was all the way on our right, as far as Weissel-mouth.
After the Langobardi come the Reudigni, Auiones, Angli, Varni, Eudoses, Suarines and Nuithones all well guarded by rivers and forests.
The approval has been met with criticism on the municipal and county administrative levels, citing that the many cracks in the limestone bedrock could cause the groundwater to become contaminated by the gas prospecting.
While Öland changed its coat of arms, Åland, which was now a Finnish (autonomous) province, kept its established but originally unintended coat of arms.
The deer is meant to symbolize the status of Öland as a royal game park and the arms are topped by a ducal crown.
The Cambrian trilobite Eccaparadoxides oelandicus is named after Öland Öland is served by a perimeter highway, Route 136.
In 2011 the Gripen Gas company filed a request for test drilling on Öland for natural gas.