These two type of changes should not, however, be treated separately because a change in one automatically induces changes in the other.For example, a change in the attitude of the people may bring about changes in the social structure.For the present purpose it should suffice to examine definitions that are frequently used to conceptualise change.According to Jones “Social change is a term used to describe variations in, or modifications of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization”.As Kingsley Davis says, “By Social change is meant only such alternations as occur in social organization – that is, the structure and functions of society”.According to Maclver and Page, “Social change refers to a process responsive to many types of changes; to changes the man in made condition of life; to changes in the attitudes and beliefs of men, and to the changes that go beyond the human control to the biological and the physical nature of things”. Johnson says, “Social change is either change in the structure or quasi- structural aspects of a system of change in the relative importance of coexisting structural pattern”. Mazumdar says, “Social change may be defined as a new fashion or mode, either modifying or replacing the old, in the life of people or in the operation of a society”.Social change refers to the modifications which take place in life pattern of people.
Social change may be defined as changes in the social organization, that is, the structure and functions of the society.
The composition of the population changes through the life cycle and thus the occupation or roles changes; the members of society undergo physiological changes; the continuing interactions among member modify attitudes and expectations; new knowledge is constantly being gained and transmitted.
Defining Change: The question to what social change actually means is perhaps the most difficult one within the scientific study of change.
It involves the often neglected query of what ‘kind’ and degree of change in what is to be considered social change.
Most analysts of social change deal with this question implicitly somewhere in their theoretical system or in the context of the latter’s application to some empirical case.