Absolute dating archaeology

Also unlike the histories and royal chronicles of other ancient Near Eastern nations, it does not merely celebrate the power of tradition and ruling dynasties.It offers a complex yet clear vision of why history has unfolded for the people of Israel — and indeed for the entire world — in a pattern directly connected with the demands and promises of God.The Torah — also known as the Five Books of Moses, or the Pentateuch ("five books" in Greek) — includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.These narrate the story of the people of Israel from the creation of the world, through the period of the flood and the patriarchs, to the Exodus from Egypt, the wanderings in the desert, and the giving of the Law at Sinai.This book examines the main "historical" works of the Bible, primarily the Torah and the Former Prophets, which narrate the saga of the people of Israel from its beginnings to the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem in 586 BCE.We compare this narrative with the wealth of archaeological data that has been collected over the last few decades.The Former Prophets — Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings — tell the story of the people of Israel from their crossing of the river Jordan and conquest of Canaan, through the rise and fall of the Israelite kingdoms, to their defeat and exile at the hands of the Assyrians and Babylonians.

In a few cases, inscriptions and signet seals have been discovered that can be directly connected with individuals mentioned in the biblical text.

The result is the discovery of a fascinating and complex relationship between what actually happened in the land of the Bible during the biblical period (as best as it can be determined) and the well-known details of the elaborate historical narrative that the Hebrew Bible contains.

From Eden to Zion The heart of the Hebrew Bible is an epic story that describes the rise of the people of Israel and their continuing relationship with God.

And yet this land was the birthplace of a literary masterpiece that has exerted an unparalleled impact on world civilization as both sacred scripture and history.

More than two hundred years of detailed study of the Hebrew text of the Bible and ever more wide-ranging exploration in all the lands between the Nile and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have enabled us to begin to understand when, why, and how the Bible came to be.

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